Compiling with Mono

Requirements

  • Mono 5.2.0+
  • pkg-config

Environment Variables

By default, SCons will try to find Mono in the Windows Registry on Windows or via pkg-config on other platforms. You can specify a different installation directory by using the following environment variables for the respective bits option: MONO32_PREFIX and MONO64_PREFIX.

The specified directory must contain the subdirectories bin, include, and lib.

Enable Mono Module

By default, the mono module is disabled for builds. To enable it you can pass the option module_mono_enabled=yes to your SCons command.

Generate The Glue

The glue sources are the wrapper functions that will be called by the managed side. In order to generate them, first, you must build Godot with the options tools=yes and mono_glue=no:

scons p=<platform> tools=yes module_mono_enabled=yes mono_glue=no

After the build finishes, you need to run the compiled executable with the parameter --generate-mono-glue followed by the path to an output directory. This path must be modules/mono/glue in the Godot directory.

godot --generate-mono-glue modules/mono/glue

This command will tell Godot to generate the file modules/mono/glue/mono_glue.gen.cpp. Once this file is generated, you can build Godot for all the desired targets without the need to repeat this process.

Notes

  • Do not build normal binaries with mono_glue=no. This option disables C# scripting and therefore must only be used for the temporary binary that will be used to generate the glue. Godot should print a message at startup warning you about this.
  • The glue sources must be regenerated every time the ClassDB API changes. If there is an API mismatch with the generated glue, Godot will print an error at startup.

Example (x11)

# Build temporary binary
scons p=x11 tools=yes module_mono_enabled=yes mono_glue=no
# Generate glue sources
bin/godot.x11.tools.64.mono --generate-mono-glue modules/mono/glue

### Build binaries normally
# Editor
scons p=x11 target=release_debug tools=yes module_mono_enabled=yes
# Export templates
scons p=x11 target=debug tools=no module_mono_enabled=yes
scons p=x11 target=release tools=no module_mono_enabled=yes

If everything went well, apart from the normal output, SCons should have also built the GodotSharpTools.dll assembly and copied it together with the mono runtime shared library to the bin subdirectory.