Einen Build für die Größe optimieren

Rationale

Sometimes, it is desired to optimize a build for size rather than speed. This means not compiling unused functions from the engine, as well as using specific compiler flags to aid on decreasing build size. Common situations include creating builds for mobile and Web platforms.

This tutorial aims to give an overview on different methods to create a smaller binary. Before continuing, it is recommended to read the previous tutorials on compiling Godot for each platform.

The options below are listed from the most important (greatest size savings) to the least important (lowest size savings).

Binärdateien entfernen

  • Space savings: Very high

  • Difficulty: Easy

  • Performed in official builds: Yes

If you build Windows (MinGW), Linux or macOS binaries from source, remember to strip debug symbols from binaries by installing the strip package from your distribution then running:

strip path/to/godot.binary

On Windows, strip.exe is included in most MinGW toolchain setups.

This will reduce the size of compiled binaries by a factor between 5× and 10×. The downside is that crash backtraces will no longer provide accurate information (which is useful for troubleshooting the cause of a crash). C++ profilers will also no longer be able to display function names (this does not affect the built-in GDScript profiler).

Bemerkung

The above command will not work on Windows binaries compiled with MSVC and platforms such as Android and HTML5. Instead, pass debug_symbols=no on the SCons command line when compiling.

Optimieren auf Größe statt Geschwindigkeit

  • Space savings: High

  • Difficulty: Easy

  • Performed in official builds: Yes, but only for HTML5

Godot 3.1 onwards allows compiling using size optimizations (instead of speed). To enable this, set the optimize flag to size:

scons p=windows target=release tools=no optimize=size

Einige Plattformen wie z.B. WebAssembly verwenden diesen Modus bereits standardmäßig.

3D abschalten

  • Space savings: Moderate

  • Difficulty: Easy

  • Performed in official builds: No

For 2D games, having the whole 3D engine available usually makes no sense. Because of this, there is a build flag to disable it:

scons p=windows target=release tools=no disable_3d=yes

Tools must be disabled in order to use this flag, as the editor is not designed to operate without 3D support. Without it, the binary size can be reduced by about 15%.

Deaktivieren erweiterter GUI-Nodes

  • Space savings: Moderate

  • Difficulty: Easy

  • Performed in official builds: No

Die meisten kleinen Spiele benötigen keine komplexen GUI Kontroll-Elemente wie Tree, ItemList, TextEdit or GraphEdit. Sie können abgeschaltet werden mit einem Build Flag:

scons p=windows target=release tools=no disable_advanced_gui=yes

Unerwünschte Module deaktivieren

  • Space savings: Very low to moderate depending on modules

  • Difficulty: Medium to hard depending on modules

  • Performed in official builds: No

A lot of Godot's functions are offered as modules. You can see a list of modules with the following command:

scons --help

The list of modules that can be disabled will appear, together with all build options. If you are working on a simple 2D game, you could disable a lot of them:

scons p=windows target=release tools=no module_arkit_enabled=no module_assimp_enabled=no module_bmp_enabled=no module_bullet_enabled=no module_camera_enabled=no module_csg_enabled=no module_dds_enabled=no module_enet_enabled=no module_etc_enabled=no module_gdnative_enabled=no module_gridmap_enabled=no module_hdr_enabled=no module_jsonrpc_enabled=no module_mbedtls_enabled=no module_mobile_vr_enabled=no module_opensimplex_enabled=no module_opus_enabled=no module_pvr_enabled=no module_recast_enabled=no module_regex_enabled=no module_squish_enabled=no module_svg_enabled=no module_tga_enabled=no module_theora_enabled=no module_tinyexr_enabled=no module_upnp_enabled=no module_vhacd_enabled=no module_vorbis_enabled=no module_webm_enabled=no module_webrtc_enabled=no module_websocket_enabled=no module_xatlas_unwrap_enabled=no

If this proves not to work for your use case, you should review the list of modules and see which ones you actually still need for your game (e.g. you might want to keep networking-related modules, regex support, or theora/webm to play videos).

Alternatively, you can supply a list of disabled modules by creating custom.py at the root of the source, with the contents similar to the following:

# custom.py

module_arkit_enabled = "no"
module_assimp_enabled = "no"
module_bmp_enabled = "no"
module_bullet_enabled = "no"
module_camera_enabled = "no"
module_csg_enabled = "no"
module_dds_enabled = "no"
module_enet_enabled = "no"
module_etc_enabled = "no"
module_gdnative_enabled = "no"
module_gridmap_enabled = "no"
module_hdr_enabled = "no"
module_jsonrpc_enabled = "no"
module_mbedtls_enabled = "no"
module_mobile_vr_enabled = "no"
module_opensimplex_enabled = "no"
module_opus_enabled = "no"
module_pvr_enabled = "no"
module_recast_enabled = "no"
module_regex_enabled = "no"
module_squish_enabled = "no"
module_svg_enabled = "no"
module_tga_enabled = "no"
module_theora_enabled = "no"
module_tinyexr_enabled = "no"
module_upnp_enabled = "no"
module_vhacd_enabled = "no"
module_vorbis_enabled = "no"
module_webm_enabled = "no"
module_webrtc_enabled = "no"
module_websocket_enabled = "no"
module_xatlas_unwrap_enabled = "no"