Введение в разработку редактора¶
On this page, you will learn:
The design decisions behind the Godot editor.
How to work efficiently on the Godot editor's C++ code.
This guide is aimed at current or future engine contributors. To create editor plugins in GDScript, see Создание плагинов instead.
If you are new to Godot, we recommended you to read Философия дизайна Godot before continuing. Since the Godot editor is a Godot project written in C++, much of the engine's philosophy applies to the editor.
The Godot editor is drawn using Godot's renderer and UI system. It does not rely on a toolkit such as GTK or Qt. This is similar in spirit to software like Blender. While using toolkits makes it easier to achieve a "native" appearance, they are also quite heavy and their licensing is not compatible with Godot's.
The editor is fully written in C++. It can't contain any GDScript or C# code.
The editor's code is fully self-contained in the editor/ folder of the Godot source repository.
Some editor functionality is also implemented via modules. Some of these are only enabled in editor builds to decrease the binary size of export templates. See the modules/ folder in the Godot source repository.
Some important files in the editor are:
editor/editor_node.cpp: Main editor initialization file. Effectively the "main scene" of the editor.
editor/project_manager.cpp: Main project manager initialization file. Effectively the "main scene" of the project manager.
editor/plugins/canvas_item_editor_plugin.cpp: The 2D editor viewport and related functionality (toolbar at the top, editing modes, overlaid helpers/panels, …).
editor/plugins/spatial_editor_plugin.cpp: The 3D editor viewport and related functionality (toolbar at the top, editing modes, overlaid panels, …).
editor/spatial_editor_gizmos.cpp: Where the 3D editor gizmos are defined and drawn. This file doesn't have a 2D counterpart as 2D gizmos are drawn by the nodes themselves.
Editor dependencies in
When working on an editor feature, you may have to modify files in
Godot's GUI nodes, which you can find in the
One rule to keep in mind is that you must not introduce new dependencies to
editor/ includes in other folders such as
scene/. This applies even if
To make the codebase easier to follow and more self-contained, the allowed dependency order is:
This means that files in
editor/ can depend on includes from
core/. But, for example, while
scene/ can depend on includes
core/, it cannot depend on includes from
Currently, there are some dependencies to
editor/ includes in
they are in the process of being removed.
To iterate quickly on the editor, we recommend to set up a test project and open it from the command line after compiling the editor. This way, you don't have to go through the project manager every time you start Godot.