C++ usage guidelines¶
Since Godot 4.0, the C++ standard used throughout the codebase is a subset of C++17. While modern C++ brings a lot of opportunities to write faster, more readable code, we chose to restrict our usage of C++ to a subset for a few reasons:
It makes it easier to review code in online editors. This is because engine contributors don't always have access to a full-featured IDE while reviewing code.
It makes the code easier to grasp for beginner contributors (who may not be professional C++ programmers). Godot's codebase is known to be easy to learn from, and we'd like to keep it that way.
To get your pull request merged, it needs to follow the C++ usage guidelines outlined here. Of course, you can use features not allowed here in your own C++ modules or GDNative scripts.
Prior to Godot 4.0, the C++ standard used throughout the codebase was C++03, with a handful of C++14 extensions. If you are contributing a pull request to the 3.x branch rather than master, your code can't use C++17 features. Instead, your code must be able to be built with a C++14 compiler.
The guidelines below don't apply to third-party dependencies, although we generally favor small libraries instead of larger solutions. See also 參與引擎貢獻的最佳實踐.
See 程式碼樣式方針 for formatting guidelines.
Any feature not listed below is allowed. Using features like
nullptr is encouraged when possible. Still, try to keep your
use of modern C++ features conservative. Their use needs to serve a real
purpose, such as improving code readability or performance.
Standard Template Library¶
This means that pull requests should not use
std::vector and the like. Instead, use Godot's datatypes as described below:
std::vector. In some cases,
LocalVectorcan be used as an alternative (ask core developers first).
Godot also has a List datatype (which is a linked list). While List is already used in the codebase, it typically performs worse than other datatypes like Vector and Array. Therefore, List should be avoided in new code unless necessary.
Please don't use the
auto keyword for type inference. While it can avoid
repetition, it can also lead to confusing code:
// Not so confusing... auto button = memnew(Button); // ...but what about this? auto result = EditorNode::get_singleton()->get_complex_result();
Keep in mind hover documentation often isn't readily available for pull request reviewers. Most of the time, reviewers will use GitHub's online viewer to review pull requests.
We chose to forbid
auto instead of allowing it on a case-by-case basis to
avoid having to decide on difficult edge cases. Thank you for your understanding.
Lambdas should be used conservatively when they make code effectively faster or simpler, and do not impede readability. Please ask before using lambdas in a pull request.
#pragma once directive¶
To follow the existing style, please use standard
guards instead of
#pragma once in new files.
See 標頭引用 for guidelines on sorting includes in C++ and Objective-C files.