Fluxos de áudio¶
Como você já deve ter lido em :ref: doc_audio_buses, um som é enviado para cada barramento a partir de um nó AudioStreamPlayer. Existem diferentes tipos de AudioStreamPlayers. Cada um carrega um AudioStream e o reproduz.
Um fluxo de áudio é um objeto abstrato que emite som. O som pode vir de vários lugares, mas é mais comum ser carregado do sistema de arquivos. Arquivos de áudio como WAV (
.wav) ou Ogg Vorbis (
.ogg) podem ser carregados como AudioStreams e colocados dentro de um AudioStreamPlayer.
Here is a comparison of the two file types to help you choose the one that fits your use case best:
- WAV files are quite large, but use little CPU power to play back. Hundreds of them can be played simultaneously with little impact on performance. This format is usually best for short sound effects.
- Ogg Vorbis files are much smaller, but use considerably more CPU power to play back, so only a few can be played back at once (especially on mobile). This format works well for music, long sound effect sequences, and voice at relatively low bitrates.
Keep in mind that while WAV files may contain looping information in their metadata, Ogg Vorbis files do not. If looping an Ogg Vorbis file is desired, it must be set up using the import options:
There are other types of AudioStreamPlayer, such as AudioStreamRandomPitch. This one makes a random adjustment to the sound's pitch every time it's played back. This can be helpful for adding variation to sounds that are played back often.
This is the standard, non-positional stream player. It can play to any bus. In 5.1 sound setups, it can send audio to stereo mix or front speakers.
This is a variant of AudioStreamPlayer, but emits sound in a 2D positional environment. When close to the left of the screen, the panning will go left. When close to the right side, it will go right.
Area2Ds can be used to divert sound from any AudioStreamPlayer2Ds they contain to specific buses. This makes it possible to create buses with different reverb or sound qualities to handle action happening in a particular parts of your game world.
This is a variant of AudioStreamPlayer, but emits sound in a 3D positional environment. Depending on the location of the player relative to the screen, it can position sound in stereo, 5.1 or 7.1 depending on the chosen audio setup.
Similar to AudioStreamPlayer2D, an Area can divert the sound to an audio bus.
Unlike for 2D, the 3D version of AudioStreamPlayer has a few more advanced options:
Godot allows for 3D audio streams that enter a specific Area node to send dry and wet audio to separate buses. This is useful when you have several reverb configurations for different types of rooms. This is done by enabling this type of reverb in the Reverb Bus section of the Area's properties:
At the same time, a special bus layout is created where each area receives the reverb info from each area. A Reverb effect needs to be created and configured in each reverb bus to complete the setup for the desired effect:
The Area's Reverb Bus section also has a parameter named Uniformity. Some types of rooms bounce sounds more than others (like a warehouse), so reverberation can be heard almost uniformly across the room even though the source may be far away. Playing around with this parameter can simulate that effect.
When the relative velocity between an emitter and listener changes, this is perceived as an increase or decrease in the pitch of the emitted sound. Godot can track velocity changes in the AudioStreamPlayer3D and Camera nodes. Both nodes have this property, which must be enabled manually:
Basta habilitá-lo, definindo-o dependendo de como os objetos serão movidos : Use idle para objetos movidos usando``_process``, ou Physics para objetos movidos usando
_physics_process. O rastreamento ocorrerá automaticamente.