IOS-Plugins erstellen

This page explains what iOS plugins can do for you, how to use an existing plugin, and the steps to code a new one.

iOS plugins allow you to use third-party libraries and support iOS-specific features like In-App Purchases, GameCenter integration, ARKit support, and more.

Laden und Verwenden eines vorhandenen Plugins

An iOS plugin requires a .gdip configuration file, a binary file which can be either .a static library or .xcframework containing .a static libraries, and possibly other dependencies. To use it, you need to:

  1. Copy the plugin's files to your Godot project's res://ios/plugins directory. You can also group files in a sub-directory, like res://ios/plugins/my_plugin.

  2. The Godot editor automatically detects and imports .gdip files inside res://ios/plugins and its subdirectories.

  3. You can find and activate detected plugins by going to Project -> Export... -> iOS and in the Options tab, scrolling to the Plugins section.


When a plugin is active, you can access it in your using Engine.get_singleton():

if Engine.has_singleton("MyPlugin"):
    var singleton = Engine.get_singleton("MyPlugin")

Erstellen eines iOS-Plugins

At its core, a Godot iOS plugin is an iOS library (.a archive file or .xcframework containing static libraries) with the following requirements:

  • The library must have a dependency on the Godot engine headers.

  • Die Bibliothek muss eine .gdip-Konfigurationsdatei enthalten.

An iOS plugin can have the same functionality as a Godot module but provides more flexibility and doesn't require to rebuild the engine.

Here are the steps to get a plugin's development started. We recommend using Xcode as your development environment.

Siehe auch

Die Godot iOS Plugins Godot iOS Plugins.

The Godot iOS plugin template gives you all the boilerplate you need to get your iOS plugin started.

So erstellen Sie ein iOS-Plugin:

  1. Create an Objective-C static library for your plugin inside Xcode.

  2. Add the Godot engine header files as a dependency for your plugin library in HEADER_SEARCH_PATHS. You can find the setting inside the Build Settings tab:

    • Laden Sie den Quellcode der Godot-Engine von der Godot GitHub-Seite herunter.

    • Run SCons to generate headers. You can learn the process by reading Kompilieren für iOS. You don't have to wait for compilation to complete to move forward as headers are generated before the engine starts to compile.

    • You should use the same header files for iOS plugins and for the iOS export template.

  3. In the Build Settings tab, specify the compilation flags for your static library in OTHER_CFLAGS. The most important ones are -fcxx-modules, -fmodules, and -DDEBUG if you need debug support. Other flags should be the same you use to compile Godot. For instance:

  1. Add the required logic for your plugin and build your library to generate a .a file. You will probably need to build both debug and release target .a files. Depending on your needs, pick either or both. If you need both debug and release .a files, their name should match following pattern: [PluginName].[TargetType].a. You can also build the static library with your SCons configuration.

  2. The iOS plugin system also supports .xcframework files. To generate one, you can use a command such as:

xcodebuild -create-xcframework -library [DeviceLibrary].a -library [SimulatorLibrary].a -output [PluginName].xcframework
  1. Create a Godot iOS Plugin configuration file to help the system detect and load your plugin:

    • Die Erweiterung der Konfigurationsdatei muss gdip lauten (z.B.: MyPlugin.gdip).

    • Das Konfigurationsdateiformat lautet wie folgt:

      capabilities=["arkit", "metal"]
      PlistKeyWithDefaultType="Some Info.plist key you might need"
      StringPlistKey:string="String value"
      StringPlistKeyToInput:string_input="Type something"

      Der Abschnitt config und dessen Felder sind erforderlich und wie folgt definiert:

      • name: Name des Plugins

      • binary: this should be the filepath of the plugin library (a or xcframework) file.

        • The filepath can be relative (e.g.: MyPlugin.a, MyPlugin.xcframework) in which case it's relative to the directory where the gdip file is located.

        • Der Dateipfad kann absolut sein: res://some_path/MyPlugin.a oder res://some_path/MyPlugin.xcframework.

        • In case you need multitarget library usage, the filename should be MyPlugin.a and .a files should be named as MyPlugin.release.a and MyPlugin.debug.a.

        • In case you use multitarget xcframework libraries, their filename in the configuration should be MyPlugin.xcframework. The .xcframework files should be named as MyPlugin.release.xcframework and MyPlugin.debug.xcframework.

      Die Abschnitte dependencies und plist sind optional und wie folgt definiert:

      • Abhängigkeiten:

        • linked: contains a list of iOS frameworks that the iOS application should be linked with.

        • embedded: contains a list of iOS frameworks or libraries that should be both linked and embedded into the resulting iOS application.

        • system: enthält eine Liste der iOS-System-Frameworks, die für das Plugin erforderlich sind.

        • capabilities: contains a list of iOS capabilities that is required for plugin. A list of available capabilities can be found at Apple UIRequiredDeviceCapabilities documentation page.

        • files: contains a list of files that should be copied on export. This is useful for data files or images.

        • linker_flags: enthält eine Liste von Linker-Flags, die beim Exportieren des Plugins zum Xcode-Projekt hinzugefügt werden.

      • plist: should have keys and values that should be present in Info.plist file.

        • Jede Zeile sollte folgendem Muster folgen: KeyName:KeyType=KeyValue

        • Supported values for KeyType are string, integer, boolean, raw, string_input

        • If no type is used (e.g.: KeyName="KeyValue") string type will be used.

        • If raw type is used value for coresponding key will be stored in Info.plist as is.

        • If string_input type is used you will be able to modify value in Export window.