Using the SurfaceToolΒΆ

The SurfaceTool provides a useful interface for constructing geometry. The interface is similar to the ImmediateGeometry node. You set each per-vertex attribute (e.g. normal, uv, color) and then when you add a vertex it captures the attributes.

The SurfaceTool also provides some useful helper functions like index() and generate_normals().

Attributes are added before each vertex is added:

st.add_normal() # Overwritten by normal below.
st.add_normal() # Added to next vertex.
st.add_color() # Added to next vertex.
st.add_vertex() # Captures normal and color above.
st.add_normal() # Normal never added to a vertex.

When finished generating your geometry with the SurfaceTool call commit() to finish generating the mesh. If an ArrayMesh is passed to commit() then it appends a new surface to the end of the ArrayMesh. While if nothing is passed in, commit() returns an ArrayMesh.

# Or:
var mesh = st.commit()

Code creates a triangle with indices

var st =


# Prepare attributes for add_vertex.
st.add_normal(Vector3(0, 0, 1))
st.add_uv(Vector2(0, 0))
# Call last for each vertex, adds the above attributes.
st.add_vertex(Vector3(-1, -1, 0))

st.add_normal(Vector3(0, 0, 1))
st.add_uv(Vector2(0, 1))
st.add_vertex(Vector3(-1, 1, 0))

st.add_normal(Vector3(0, 0, 1))
st.add_uv(Vector2(1, 1))
st.add_vertex(Vector3(1, 1, 0))

# Commit to a mesh.
var mesh = st.commit()

You can optionally add an index array, either by calling add_index() and adding vertices to the index array or by calling index() which shrinks the vertex array to remove duplicate vertices.

# Creates a quad from four corner vertices.
# Add_index does not need to be called before add_vertex.


# Alternatively:

Similarly, if you have an index array, but you want each vertex to be unique (e.g. because you want to use unique normals or colors per face instead of per-vertex), you can call deindex().


If you don't add custom normals yourself, you can add them using generate_normals(), which should be called after generating geometry and before committing the mesh using commit() or commit_to_arrays(). Calling generate_normals(true) will flip the resulting normals. As a side note, generate_normals() only works if the primitive type is set to Mesh.PRIMITIVE_TRIANGLES.

If you don't add custom tangents, they can be added with generate_tangents(), but it requires that each vertex have UVs and normals set already.


By default, when generating normals, they will be calculated on a per-face basis. If you want smooth vertex normals, when adding vertices, call add_smooth_group(). add_smooth_group() needs to be called while building the geometry, e.g. before the call to add_vertex() (if non-indexed) or add_index() (if indexed).