Creating a single scene and adding nodes into it might work for small projects, but as a project grows in size and complexity, the number of nodes can quickly become unmanageable. To address this, Godot allows a project to be separated into any number of scenes. This provides you with a powerful tool that helps you organize the different components of your game.
In Сцени та вузли you learned that a scene is a collection of nodes organized in a tree structure, with a single node as the tree root.
You can create as many scenes as you like and save them to disk. Scenes
saved in this manner are called «Packed Scenes» and have a
Once a scene has been saved, it can be instanced into another scene as if it were any other node.
In the above picture, Scene B was added to Scene A as an instance.
Instancing by example¶
To learn how instancing works, let’s start by downloading a sample
Unzip this project anywhere you like. Then open Godot and add this project to the project manager using the „Import“ button:
Browse to the folder you extracted and open the «project.godot» file you can find inside it. After doing this, the new project will appear on the list of projects. Edit the project by pressing the „Edit“ button.
This project contains two scenes: «Ball.tscn» and «Main.tscn». The ball scene uses a RigidBody2D to provide physics behavior while the main scene has a set of obstacles for the ball to collide with (using StaticBody2D).
Main scene, and then select the root node:
We want to add an instance of the
Ball scene as a child of
Click the «link»-shaped button (its hover-text says «Instance a scene file
as a Node.») and select the
The ball will be placed at the top-left corner of the screen area (this is
(0, 0) in screen coordinates). Click and drag the ball somewhere near
the top-center of the scene:
Press «Play» and watch the ball fall to the bottom of the screen:
Ви можете додавати будь-яку кількість екземплярів на сцену за допомогою повторного натискання кнопки «Екземпляр» або натисканням екземпляра кульки із наступним натисканням кнопки «Дублювати» (Ctrl-D):
Знову запустіть сцену і усі кульки впадуть.
Ball scene and add a
PhysicsMaterial by clicking on the down
arrow and selecting «New PhysicsMaterial».
Then, expand the material by clicking on it, and set the
Press «Play» and notice that all of the instanced balls are now much more bouncy. Because the instanced balls are based on the saved scene, changes to that scene will affect all instances.
You can also adjust individual instances. Set the bounce value back to
and then in the
Main scene, select one of the instanced balls. Resources
PhysicsMaterial are shared between instances by default, so we need
to make it unique. Click on the down arrow and select «Make Unique». Set its
1 and press «Play».
Notice that a grey «revert» button appears next to the adjusted property. When this button is present, it means you modified a property in the instanced scene to override its value in the saved scene. Even if that property is modified in the original scene, the custom value will remain. Pressing the revert button will restore the property to the value in the saved scene.