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Area3D

Inherits: CollisionObject3D < Node3D < Node < Object

A region of 3D space that detects other CollisionObject3Ds entering or exiting it.

Description

Area3D is a region of 3D space defined by one or multiple CollisionShape3D or CollisionPolygon3D child nodes. It detects when other CollisionObject3Ds enter or exit it, and it also keeps track of which collision objects haven't exited it yet (i.e. which one are overlapping it).

This node can also locally alter or override physics parameters (gravity, damping) and route audio to custom audio buses.

Warning: Using a ConcavePolygonShape3D inside a CollisionShape3D child of this node (created e.g. by using the Create Trimesh Collision Sibling option in the Mesh menu that appears when selecting a MeshInstance3D node) may give unexpected results, since this collision shape is hollow. If this is not desired, it has to be split into multiple ConvexPolygonShape3Ds or primitive shapes like BoxShape3D, or in some cases it may be replaceable by a CollisionPolygon3D.

Tutorials

Properties

float

angular_damp

0.1

SpaceOverride

angular_damp_space_override

0

StringName

audio_bus_name

&"Master"

bool

audio_bus_override

false

float

gravity

9.8

Vector3

gravity_direction

Vector3(0, -1, 0)

bool

gravity_point

false

Vector3

gravity_point_center

Vector3(0, -1, 0)

float

gravity_point_unit_distance

0.0

SpaceOverride

gravity_space_override

0

float

linear_damp

0.1

SpaceOverride

linear_damp_space_override

0

bool

monitorable

true

bool

monitoring

true

int

priority

0

float

reverb_bus_amount

0.0

bool

reverb_bus_enabled

false

StringName

reverb_bus_name

&"Master"

float

reverb_bus_uniformity

0.0

float

wind_attenuation_factor

0.0

float

wind_force_magnitude

0.0

NodePath

wind_source_path

NodePath("")

Methods

Area3D[]

get_overlapping_areas ( ) const

Node3D[]

get_overlapping_bodies ( ) const

bool

has_overlapping_areas ( ) const

bool

has_overlapping_bodies ( ) const

bool

overlaps_area ( Node area ) const

bool

overlaps_body ( Node body ) const


Signals

area_entered ( Area3D area )

Emitted when the received area enters this area. Requires monitoring to be set to true.


area_exited ( Area3D area )

Emitted when the received area exits this area. Requires monitoring to be set to true.


area_shape_entered ( RID area_rid, Area3D area, int area_shape_index, int local_shape_index )

Emitted when a Shape3D of the received area enters a shape of this area. Requires monitoring to be set to true.

local_shape_index and area_shape_index contain indices of the interacting shapes from this area and the other area, respectively. area_rid contains the RID of the other area. These values can be used with the PhysicsServer3D.

Example of getting the CollisionShape3D node from the shape index:

var other_shape_owner = area.shape_find_owner(area_shape_index)
var other_shape_node = area.shape_owner_get_owner(other_shape_owner)

var local_shape_owner = shape_find_owner(local_shape_index)
var local_shape_node = shape_owner_get_owner(local_shape_owner)

area_shape_exited ( RID area_rid, Area3D area, int area_shape_index, int local_shape_index )

Emitted when a Shape3D of the received area exits a shape of this area. Requires monitoring to be set to true.

See also area_shape_entered.


body_entered ( Node3D body )

Emitted when the received body enters this area. body can be a PhysicsBody3D or a GridMap. GridMaps are detected if their MeshLibrary has collision shapes configured. Requires monitoring to be set to true.


body_exited ( Node3D body )

Emitted when the received body exits this area. body can be a PhysicsBody3D or a GridMap. GridMaps are detected if their MeshLibrary has collision shapes configured. Requires monitoring to be set to true.


body_shape_entered ( RID body_rid, Node3D body, int body_shape_index, int local_shape_index )

Emitted when a Shape3D of the received body enters a shape of this area. body can be a PhysicsBody3D or a GridMap. GridMaps are detected if their MeshLibrary has collision shapes configured. Requires monitoring to be set to true.

local_shape_index and body_shape_index contain indices of the interacting shapes from this area and the interacting body, respectively. body_rid contains the RID of the body. These values can be used with the PhysicsServer3D.

Example of getting the CollisionShape3D node from the shape index:

var body_shape_owner = body.shape_find_owner(body_shape_index)
var body_shape_node = body.shape_owner_get_owner(body_shape_owner)

var local_shape_owner = shape_find_owner(local_shape_index)
var local_shape_node = shape_owner_get_owner(local_shape_owner)

body_shape_exited ( RID body_rid, Node3D body, int body_shape_index, int local_shape_index )

Emitted when a Shape3D of the received body exits a shape of this area. body can be a PhysicsBody3D or a GridMap. GridMaps are detected if their MeshLibrary has collision shapes configured. Requires monitoring to be set to true.

See also body_shape_entered.


Enumerations

enum SpaceOverride:

SpaceOverride SPACE_OVERRIDE_DISABLED = 0

This area does not affect gravity/damping.

SpaceOverride SPACE_OVERRIDE_COMBINE = 1

This area adds its gravity/damping values to whatever has been calculated so far (in priority order).

SpaceOverride SPACE_OVERRIDE_COMBINE_REPLACE = 2

This area adds its gravity/damping values to whatever has been calculated so far (in priority order), ignoring any lower priority areas.

SpaceOverride SPACE_OVERRIDE_REPLACE = 3

This area replaces any gravity/damping, even the defaults, ignoring any lower priority areas.

SpaceOverride SPACE_OVERRIDE_REPLACE_COMBINE = 4

This area replaces any gravity/damping calculated so far (in priority order), but keeps calculating the rest of the areas.


Property Descriptions

float angular_damp = 0.1

  • void set_angular_damp ( float value )

  • float get_angular_damp ( )

The rate at which objects stop spinning in this area. Represents the angular velocity lost per second.

See ProjectSettings.physics/3d/default_angular_damp for more details about damping.


SpaceOverride angular_damp_space_override = 0

Override mode for angular damping calculations within this area. See SpaceOverride for possible values.


StringName audio_bus_name = &"Master"

The name of the area's audio bus.


bool audio_bus_override = false

  • void set_audio_bus_override ( bool value )

  • bool is_overriding_audio_bus ( )

If true, the area's audio bus overrides the default audio bus.


float gravity = 9.8

  • void set_gravity ( float value )

  • float get_gravity ( )

The area's gravity intensity (in meters per second squared). This value multiplies the gravity direction. This is useful to alter the force of gravity without altering its direction.


Vector3 gravity_direction = Vector3(0, -1, 0)

  • void set_gravity_direction ( Vector3 value )

  • Vector3 get_gravity_direction ( )

The area's gravity vector (not normalized).


bool gravity_point = false

  • void set_gravity_is_point ( bool value )

  • bool is_gravity_a_point ( )

If true, gravity is calculated from a point (set via gravity_point_center). See also gravity_space_override.


Vector3 gravity_point_center = Vector3(0, -1, 0)

  • void set_gravity_point_center ( Vector3 value )

  • Vector3 get_gravity_point_center ( )

If gravity is a point (see gravity_point), this will be the point of attraction.


float gravity_point_unit_distance = 0.0

  • void set_gravity_point_unit_distance ( float value )

  • float get_gravity_point_unit_distance ( )

The distance at which the gravity strength is equal to gravity. For example, on a planet 100 meters in radius with a surface gravity of 4.0 m/s², set the gravity to 4.0 and the unit distance to 100.0. The gravity will have falloff according to the inverse square law, so in the example, at 200 meters from the center the gravity will be 1.0 m/s² (twice the distance, 1/4th the gravity), at 50 meters it will be 16.0 m/s² (half the distance, 4x the gravity), and so on.

The above is true only when the unit distance is a positive number. When this is set to 0.0, the gravity will be constant regardless of distance.


SpaceOverride gravity_space_override = 0

Override mode for gravity calculations within this area. See SpaceOverride for possible values.


float linear_damp = 0.1

  • void set_linear_damp ( float value )

  • float get_linear_damp ( )

The rate at which objects stop moving in this area. Represents the linear velocity lost per second.

See ProjectSettings.physics/3d/default_linear_damp for more details about damping.


SpaceOverride linear_damp_space_override = 0

Override mode for linear damping calculations within this area. See SpaceOverride for possible values.


bool monitorable = true

  • void set_monitorable ( bool value )

  • bool is_monitorable ( )

If true, other monitoring areas can detect this area.


bool monitoring = true

  • void set_monitoring ( bool value )

  • bool is_monitoring ( )

If true, the area detects bodies or areas entering and exiting it.


int priority = 0

  • void set_priority ( int value )

  • int get_priority ( )

The area's priority. Higher priority areas are processed first. The World3D's physics is always processed last, after all areas.


float reverb_bus_amount = 0.0

  • void set_reverb_amount ( float value )

  • float get_reverb_amount ( )

The degree to which this area applies reverb to its associated audio. Ranges from 0 to 1 with 0.1 precision.


bool reverb_bus_enabled = false

  • void set_use_reverb_bus ( bool value )

  • bool is_using_reverb_bus ( )

If true, the area applies reverb to its associated audio.


StringName reverb_bus_name = &"Master"

The name of the reverb bus to use for this area's associated audio.


float reverb_bus_uniformity = 0.0

  • void set_reverb_uniformity ( float value )

  • float get_reverb_uniformity ( )

The degree to which this area's reverb is a uniform effect. Ranges from 0 to 1 with 0.1 precision.


float wind_attenuation_factor = 0.0

  • void set_wind_attenuation_factor ( float value )

  • float get_wind_attenuation_factor ( )

The exponential rate at which wind force decreases with distance from its origin.


float wind_force_magnitude = 0.0

  • void set_wind_force_magnitude ( float value )

  • float get_wind_force_magnitude ( )

The magnitude of area-specific wind force.


NodePath wind_source_path = NodePath("")

  • void set_wind_source_path ( NodePath value )

  • NodePath get_wind_source_path ( )

The Node3D which is used to specify the direction and origin of an area-specific wind force. The direction is opposite to the z-axis of the Node3D's local transform, and its origin is the origin of the Node3D's local transform.


Method Descriptions

Area3D[] get_overlapping_areas ( ) const

Returns a list of intersecting Area3Ds. The overlapping area's CollisionObject3D.collision_layer must be part of this area's CollisionObject3D.collision_mask in order to be detected.

For performance reasons (collisions are all processed at the same time) this list is modified once during the physics step, not immediately after objects are moved. Consider using signals instead.


Node3D[] get_overlapping_bodies ( ) const

Returns a list of intersecting PhysicsBody3Ds and GridMaps. The overlapping body's CollisionObject3D.collision_layer must be part of this area's CollisionObject3D.collision_mask in order to be detected.

For performance reasons (collisions are all processed at the same time) this list is modified once during the physics step, not immediately after objects are moved. Consider using signals instead.


bool has_overlapping_areas ( ) const

Returns true if intersecting any Area3Ds, otherwise returns false. The overlapping area's CollisionObject3D.collision_layer must be part of this area's CollisionObject3D.collision_mask in order to be detected.

For performance reasons (collisions a