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Soft bodies (or soft-body dynamics) simulate movement, changing shape and other physical properties of deformable objects. This can for example be used to simulate cloth or to create more realistic characters.
A SoftBody3D node is used for soft body simulations.
We will create a bouncy cube to demonstrate the setup of a soft body.
Create a new scene with a
Node3D node as root. Then, create a
Softbody node. Add a
CubeMesh in the
mesh property of the node in the inspector and increase the subdivision of the mesh for simulation.
Set the parameters to obtain the type of soft body you aim for. Try to keep the
Simulation Precision above 5, otherwise, the soft body may collapse.
Handle some parameters with care, as some value can lead to strange results. For example, if the shape is not completely closed and you set pressure to more than 0, the softbody will fly around like a plastic bag under strong wind.
Play the scene to view the simulation.
To improve the simulation's result, increase the
Simulation Precision, this will give significant improvement at the cost of performance.
Let's make a cloak in the Platformer3D demo.
You can download the Platformer3D demo on GitHub or the Asset Library.
Player scene, add a
SoftBody node and assign a
PlaneMesh to it.
PlaneMesh properties and set the size(x: 0.5 y: 1) then set
Subdivide Width and
Subdivide Depth to 5. Adjust the
SoftBody's position. You should end up with something like this:
Subdivision generates a more tessellated mesh for better simulations.
Add a BoneAttachment3D node under the skeleton node and select the Neck bone to attach the cloak to the character skeleton.
BoneAttachment3D node is to attach objects to a bone of a armature. The attached object will follow the bone's movement, weapon of a character can be attached this way.
To create pinned joints, select the upper vertices in the
The pinned joints can be found in
Attachments property, choose the
BoneAttachment as the
SpatialAttachment for each pinned joints, the pinned joints are now attached to the neck.
Last step is to avoid clipping by adding the Kinematic Body Player to
Parent Collision Ignore of the
Play the scene and the cloak should simulate correctly.
This covers the basic settings of softbody, experiment with the parameters to achieve the effect you are aiming for when making your game.