Making main screen plugins¶
What this tutorial covers¶
As seen in the Создание плагинов page, making a basic plugin that extends the editor is fairly easy. Main screen plugins allow you to create new UIs in the central part of the editor, which appear next to the "2D", "3D", "Script", and "AssetLib" buttons. Such editor plugins are referred as "Main screen plugins".
This tutorial leads you through the creation of a basic main screen plugin. For the sake of simplicity, our main screen plugin will contain a single button that prints text to the console.
Initializing the plugin¶
First create a new plugin from the Plugins menu. For this tutorial, we'll put
it in a folder called
main_screen, but you can use any name you'd like.
The plugin script will come with
methods, but for a main screen plugin we need to add a few extra methods.
Add five extra methods such that the script looks like this:
tool extends EditorPlugin func _enter_tree(): pass func _exit_tree(): pass func has_main_screen(): return true func make_visible(visible): pass func get_plugin_name(): return "Main Screen Plugin" func get_plugin_icon(): return get_editor_interface().get_base_control().get_icon("Node", "EditorIcons")
The important part in this script is the
which is overloaded so it returns
true. This function is automatically
called by the editor on plugin activation, to tell it that this plugin
adds a new center view to the editor. For now, we'll leave this script
as-is and we'll come back to it later.
Main screen scene¶
Create a new scene with a root node derived from
Control (for this
example plugin, we'll make the root node a
Select this root node, and in the viewport, click the
Full Rect. You also need to enable the
vertical size flag in the inspector.
The panel now uses all the space available in the main viewport.
Next, let's add a button to our example main screen plugin.
Button node, and set the text to "Print Hello" or similar.
Add a script to the button like this:
tool extends Button func _on_PrintHello_pressed(): print("Hello from the main screen plugin!")
Then connect the "pressed" signal to itself. If you need help with signals, see the Использование сигналов article.
We are done with the main screen panel. Save the scene as
Update the plugin script¶
We need to update the
main_screen_plugin.gd script so the plugin
instances our main panel scene and places it where it needs to be.
Here is the full plugin script:
tool extends EditorPlugin const MainPanel = preload("res://addons/main_screen/main_panel.tscn") var main_panel_instance func _enter_tree(): main_panel_instance = MainPanel.instance() # Add the main panel to the editor's main viewport. get_editor_interface().get_editor_viewport().add_child(main_panel_instance) # Hide the main panel. Very much required. make_visible(false) func _exit_tree(): if main_panel_instance: main_panel_instance.queue_free() func has_main_screen(): return true func make_visible(visible): if main_panel_instance: main_panel_instance.visible = visible func get_plugin_name(): return "Main Screen Plugin" func get_plugin_icon(): # Must return some kind of Texture for the icon. return get_editor_interface().get_base_control().get_icon("Node", "EditorIcons")
A couple of specific lines were added.
MainPanel is a constant that holds
a reference to the scene, and we instance it into main_panel_instance.
_enter_tree() function is called before
_ready(). This is where
we instance the main panel scene, and add them as children of specific parts
of the editor. We use
obtain the viewport and add our main panel instance as a child to it.
We call the
make_visible(false) function to hide the main panel so
it doesn't compete for space when first activating the plugin.
_exit_tree() function is called when the plugin is deactivated.
If the main screen still exists, we call
queue_free() to free the
instance and remove it from memory.
make_visible() function is overridden to hide or show the main
panel as needed. This function is automatically called by the editor when the
user clicks on the main viewport buttons at the top of the editor.
get_plugin_icon() functions control
the displayed name and icon for the plugin's main viewport button.
Another function you can add is the
handles() function, which
allows you to handle a node type, automatically focusing the main
screen when the type is selected. This is similar to how clicking
on a 3D node will automatically switch to the 3D viewport.
Try the plugin¶
Activate the plugin in the Project Settings. You'll observe a new button next to 2D, 3D, Script above the main viewport. Clicking it will take you to your new main screen plugin, and the button in the middle will print text.
If you would like to try a finished version of this plugin, check out the plugin demos here: https://github.com/godotengine/godot-demo-projects/tree/master/plugins
If you would like to see a more complete example of what main screen plugins are capable of, check out the 2.5D demo projects here: https://github.com/godotengine/godot-demo-projects/tree/master/misc/2.5d