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SpotLight3D

Inherits: Light3D < VisualInstance3D < Node3D < Node < Object

A spotlight, such as a reflector spotlight or a lantern.

Description

A Spotlight is a type of Light3D node that emits lights in a specific direction, in the shape of a cone. The light is attenuated through the distance. This attenuation can be configured by changing the energy, radius and attenuation parameters of Light3D.

Note: When using the Mobile rendering method, only 8 spot lights can be displayed on each mesh resource. Attempting to display more than 8 spot lights on a single mesh resource will result in spot lights flickering in and out as the camera moves. When using the Compatibility rendering method, only 8 spot lights can be displayed on each mesh resource by default, but this can be increased by adjusting ProjectSettings.rendering/limits/opengl/max_lights_per_object.

Note: When using the Mobile or Compatibility rendering methods, spot lights will only correctly affect meshes whose visibility AABB intersects with the light's AABB. If using a shader to deform the mesh in a way that makes it go outside its AABB, GeometryInstance3D.extra_cull_margin must be increased on the mesh. Otherwise, the light may not be visible on the mesh.

Tutorials

Properties

float

shadow_bias

0.03 (overrides Light3D)

float

shadow_normal_bias

1.0 (overrides Light3D)

float

spot_angle

45.0

float

spot_angle_attenuation

1.0

float

spot_attenuation

1.0

float

spot_range

5.0


Property Descriptions

float spot_angle = 45.0

  • void set_param ( float value )

  • float get_param ( )

The spotlight's angle in degrees.

Note: spot_angle is not affected by Node3D.scale (the light's scale or its parent's scale).


float spot_angle_attenuation = 1.0

  • void set_param ( float value )

  • float get_param ( )

The spotlight's angular attenuation curve. See also spot_attenuation.


float spot_attenuation = 1.0

  • void set_param ( float value )

  • float get_param ( )

Controls the distance attenuation function for spotlights.

A value of 0.0 smoothly attenuates light at the edge of the range. A value of 1.0 approaches a physical lighting model. A value of 0.5 approximates linear attenuation.

Note: Setting it to 1.0 may result in distant objects receiving minimal light, even within range. For example, with a range of 4096, an object at 100 units receives less than 0.1 energy.

Note: Using negative or values higher than 10.0 may lead to unexpected results.


float spot_range = 5.0

  • void set_param ( float value )

  • float get_param ( )

The maximal range that can be reached by the spotlight. Note that the effectively lit area may appear to be smaller depending on the spot_attenuation in use. No matter the spot_attenuation in use, the light will never reach anything outside this range.

Note: spot_range is not affected by Node3D.scale (the light's scale or its parent's scale).


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