Creating the enemy

Now it's time to make the enemies our player will have to dodge. Their behavior will not be very complex: mobs will spawn randomly at the edges of the screen, choose a random direction, and move in a straight line.

We'll create a Mob scene, which we can then instance to create any number of independent mobs in the game.

Node setup

Click Scene -> New Scene and add the following nodes:

Don't forget to set the children so they can't be selected, like you did with the Player scene.

In the RigidBody2D properties, set Gravity Scale to 0, so the mob will not fall downward. In addition, under the PhysicsBody2D section, click the Mask property and uncheck the first box. This will ensure the mobs do not collide with each other.

../../_images/set_collision_mask.png

Set up the AnimatedSprite like you did for the player. This time, we have 3 animations: fly, swim, and walk. There are two images for each animation in the art folder.

Adjust the "Speed (FPS)" to 3 for all animations.

../../_images/mob_animations.gif

Set the Playing property in the Inspector to "On".

We'll select one of these animations randomly so that the mobs will have some variety.

Like the player images, these mob images need to be scaled down. Set the AnimatedSprite's Scale property to (0.75, 0.75).

As in the Player scene, add a CapsuleShape2D for the collision. To align the shape with the image, you'll need to set the Rotation Degrees property to 90 (under "Transform" in the Inspector).

Save the scene.

Enemy script

Add a script to the Mob like this:

extends RigidBody2D

Now let's look at the rest of the script. In _ready() we play the animation and randomly choose one of the three animation types:

func _ready():
    $AnimatedSprite.playing = true
    var mob_types = $AnimatedSprite.frames.get_animation_names()
    $AnimatedSprite.animation = mob_types[randi() % mob_types.size()]

First, we get the list of animation names from the AnimatedSprite's frames property. This returns an Array containing all three animation names: ["walk", "swim", "fly"].

We then need to pick a random number between 0 and 2 to select one of these names from the list (array indices start at 0). randi() % n selects a random integer between 0 and n-1.

Note

You must use randomize() if you want your sequence of "random" numbers to be different every time you run the scene. We're going to use randomize() in our Main scene, so we won't need it here.

The last piece is to make the mobs delete themselves when they leave the screen. Connect the screen_exited() signal of the VisibilityNotifier2D node and add this code:

func _on_VisibilityNotifier2D_screen_exited():
    queue_free()

This completes the Mob scene.

With the player and enemies ready, in the next part, we'll bring them together in a new scene. We'll make enemies spawn randomly around the game board and move forward, turning our project into a playable game.