Shading language

Introduction

Godot uses a shading language similar to GLSL ES 3.0. Most datatypes and functions are supported, and the few remaining ones will likely be added over time.

If you are already familiar with GLSL, the Godot Shader Migration Guide is a resource that will help you transition from regular GLSL to Godot's shading language.

Data types

Most GLSL ES 3.0 datatypes are supported:

Type

Description

void

Void datatype, useful only for functions that return nothing.

bool

Boolean datatype, can only contain true or false.

bvec2

Two-component vector of booleans.

bvec3

Three-component vector of booleans.

bvec4

Four-component vector of booleans.

int

Signed scalar integer.

ivec2

Two-component vector of signed integers.

ivec3

Three-component vector of signed integers.

ivec4

Four-component vector of signed integers.

uint

Unsigned scalar integer; can't contain negative numbers.

uvec2

Two-component vector of unsigned integers.

uvec3

Three-component vector of unsigned integers.

uvec4

Four-component vector of unsigned integers.

float

Floating-point scalar.

vec2

Two-component vector of floating-point values.

vec3

Three-component vector of floating-point values.

vec4

Four-component vector of floating-point values.

mat2

2x2 matrix, in column major order.

mat3

3x3 matrix, in column major order.

mat4

4x4 matrix, in column major order.

sampler2D

Sampler type for binding 2D textures, which are read as float.

isampler2D

Sampler type for binding 2D textures, which are read as signed integer.

usampler2D

Sampler type for binding 2D textures, which are read as unsigned integer.

sampler2DArray

Sampler type for binding 2D texture arrays, which are read as float.

isampler2DArray

Sampler type for binding 2D texture arrays, which are read as signed integer.

usampler2DArray

Sampler type for binding 2D texture arrays, which are read as unsigned integer.

sampler3D

Sampler type for binding 3D textures, which are read as float.

isampler3D

Sampler type for binding 3D textures, which are read as signed integer.

usampler3D

Sampler type for binding 3D textures, which are read as unsigned integer.

samplerCube

Sampler type for binding Cubemaps, which are read as floats.

Casting

Just like GLSL ES 3.0, implicit casting between scalars and vectors of the same size but different type is not allowed. Casting of types of different size is also not allowed. Conversion must be done explicitly via constructors.

Example:

float a = 2; // invalid
float a = 2.0; // valid
float a = float(2); // valid

Default integer constants are signed, so casting is always needed to convert to unsigned:

int a = 2; // valid
uint a = 2; // invalid
uint a = uint(2); // valid

Members

Individual scalar members of vector types are accessed via the "x", "y", "z" and "w" members. Alternatively, using "r", "g", "b" and "a" also works and is equivalent. Use whatever fits best for your needs.

For matrices, use the m[row][column] indexing syntax to access each scalar, or m[idx] to access a vector by row index. For example, for accessing the y position of an object in a mat4 you use m[3][1].

Constructing

Construction of vector types must always pass:

// The required amount of scalars
vec4 a = vec4(0.0, 1.0, 2.0, 3.0);
// Complementary vectors and/or scalars
vec4 a = vec4(vec2(0.0, 1.0), vec2(2.0, 3.0));
vec4 a = vec4(vec3(0.0, 1.0, 2.0), 3.0);
// A single scalar for the whole vector
vec4 a = vec4(0.0);

Construction of matrix types requires vectors of the same dimension as the matrix. You can also build a diagonal matrix using matx(float) syntax. Accordingly, mat4(1.0) is an identity matrix.

mat2 m2 = mat2(vec2(1.0, 0.0), vec2(0.0, 1.0));
mat3 m3 = mat3(vec3(1.0, 0.0, 0.0), vec3(0.0, 1.0, 0.0), vec3(0.0, 0.0, 1.0));
mat4 identity = mat4(1.0);

Matrices can also be built from a matrix of another dimension. There are two rules:

1. If a larger matrix is constructed from a smaller matrix, the additional rows and columns are set to the values they would have in an identity matrix. 2. If a smaller matrix is constructed from a larger matrix, the top, left submatrix of the larger matrix is used.

mat3 basis = mat3(WORLD_MATRIX);
mat4 m4 = mat4(basis);
mat2 m2 = mat2(m4);

Swizzling

It is possible to obtain any combination of components in any order, as long as the result is another vector type (or scalar). This is easier shown than explained:

vec4 a = vec4(0.0, 1.0, 2.0, 3.0);
vec3 b = a.rgb; // Creates a vec3 with vec4 components.
vec3 b = a.ggg; // Also valid; creates a vec3 and fills it with a single vec4 component.
vec3 b = a.bgr; // "b" will be vec3(2.0, 1.0, 0.0).
vec3 b = a.xyz; // Also rgba, xyzw are equivalent.
vec3 b = a.stp; // And stpq (for texture coordinates).
float c = b.w; // Invalid, because "w" is not present in vec3 b.
vec3 c = b.xrt; // Invalid, mixing different styles is forbidden.
b.rrr = a.rgb; // Invalid, assignment with duplication.
b.bgr = a.rgb; // Valid assignment. "b"'s "blue" component will be "a"'s "red" and vice versa.

Precision

It is possible to add precision modifiers to datatypes; use them for uniforms, variables, arguments and varyings:

lowp vec4 a = vec4(0.0, 1.0, 2.0, 3.0); // low precision, usually 8 bits per component mapped to 0-1
mediump vec4 a = vec4(0.0, 1.0, 2.0, 3.0); // medium precision, usually 16 bits or half float
highp vec4 a = vec4(0.0, 1.0, 2.0, 3.0); // high precision, uses full float or integer range (default)

Using lower precision for some operations can speed up the math involved (at the cost of less precision). This is rarely needed in the vertex processor function (where full precision is needed most of the time), but is often useful in the fragment processor.

Some architectures (mainly mobile) can benefit significantly from this, but there are downsides such as the additional overhead of conversion between precisions. Refer to the documentation of the target architecture for further information. In many cases, mobile drivers cause inconsistent or unexpected behavior and it is best to avoid specifying precision unless necessary.

Arrays

Arrays are containers for multiple variables of a similar type.

Local arrays

Local arrays are declared in functions. They can use all of the allowed datatypes, except samplers. The array declaration follows a C-style syntax: [const] + [precision] + typename + identifier + [array size].

void fragment() {
    float arr[3];
}

They can be initialized at the beginning like:

float float_arr[3] = float[3] (1.0, 0.5, 0.0); // first constructor

int int_arr[3] = int[] (2, 1, 0); // second constructor

vec2 vec2_arr[3] = { vec2(1.0, 1.0), vec2(0.5, 0.5), vec2(0.0, 0.0) }; // third constructor

bool bool_arr[] = { true, true, false }; // fourth constructor - size is defined automatically from the element count

You can declare multiple arrays (even with different sizes) in one expression:

float a[3] = float[3] (1.0, 0.5, 0.0),
b[2] = { 1.0, 0.5 },
c[] = { 0.7 },
d = 0.0,
e[5];

To access an array element, use the indexing syntax:

float arr[3];

arr[0] = 1.0; // setter

COLOR.r = arr[0]; // getter

Arrays also have a built-in function .length() (not to be confused with the built-in length() function). It doesn't accept any parameters and will return the array's size.

float arr[] = { 0.0, 1.0, 0.5, -1.0 };
for (int i = 0; i < arr.length(); i++) {
    // ...
}

Note

If you use an index below 0 or greater than array size - the shader will crash and break rendering. To prevent this, use length(), if, or clamp() functions to ensure the index is between 0 and the array's length. Always carefully test and check your code. If you pass a constant expression or a simple number, the editor will check its bounds to prevent this crash.

Global arrays

You can declare arrays at global space like:

shader_type spatial;

const lowp vec3 v[1] = lowp vec3[1] ( vec3(0, 0, 1) );

void fragment() {
  ALBEDO = v[0];
}

Note

Global arrays have to be declared as global constants, otherwise they can be declared the same as local arrays.

Constants

Use the const keyword before the variable declaration to make that variable immutable, which means that it cannot be modified. All basic types, except samplers can be declared as constants. Accessing and using a constant value is slightly faster than using a uniform. Constants must be initialized at their declaration.

const vec2 a = vec2(0.0, 1.0);
vec2 b;

a = b; // invalid
b = a; // valid

Constants cannot be modified and additionally cannot have hints, but multiple of them (if they have the same type) can be declared in a single expression e.g

const vec2 V1 = vec2(1, 1), V2 = vec2(2, 2);

Similar to variables, arrays can also be declared with const.

const float arr[] = { 1.0, 0.5, 0.0 };

arr[0] = 1.0; // invalid

COLOR.r = arr[0]; // valid

Constants can be declared both globally (outside of any function) or locally (inside a function). Global constants are useful when you want to have access to a value throughout your shader that does not need to be modified. Like uniforms, global constants are shared between all shader stages, but they are not accessible outside of the shader.

shader_type spatial;

const float PI = 3.14159265358979323846;

Structs

Structs are compound types which can be used for better abstraction of shader code. You can declare them at the global scope like:

struct PointLight {
    vec3 position;
    vec3 color;
    float intensity;
};

After declaration, you can instantiate and initialize them like:

void fragment()
{
    PointLight light;
    light.position = vec3(0.0);
    light.color = vec3(1.0, 0.0, 0.0);
    light.intensity = 0.5;
}

Or use struct constructor for same purpose:

PointLight light = PointLight(vec3(0.0), vec3(1.0, 0.0, 0.0), 0.5);

Structs may contain other struct or array, you can also instance them as global constant:

shader_type spatial;

...

struct Scene {
    PointLight lights[2];
};

const Scene scene = Scene(PointLight[2](PointLight(vec3(0.0, 0.0, 0.0), vec3(1.0, 0.0, 0.0), 1.0), PointLight(vec3(0.0, 0.0, 0.0), vec3(1.0, 0.0, 0.0), 1.0)));

void fragment()
{
    ALBEDO = scene.lights[0].color;
}

You can also pass them to functions:

shader_type canvas_item;

...

Scene construct_scene(PointLight light1, PointLight light2) {
    return Scene({light1, light2});
}

void fragment()
{
    COLOR.rgb = construct_scene(PointLight(vec3(0.0, 0.0, 0.0), vec3(1.0, 0.0, 0.0), 1.0), PointLight(vec3(0.0, 0.0, 0.0), vec3(1.0, 0.0, 1.0), 1.0)).lights[0].color;
}

Operators

Godot shading language supports the same set of operators as GLSL ES 3.0. Below is the list of them in precedence order:

Precedence

Class

Operator

1 (highest)

parenthetical grouping

()

2

unary

+, -, !, ~

3

multiplicative

/, *, %

4

additive

+, -

5

bit-wise shift

<<, >>

6

relational

<, >, <=, >=

7

equality

==, !=

8

bit-wise AND

&

9

bit-wise exclusive OR

^

10

bit-wise inclusive OR

|

11

logical AND

&&

12 (lowest)

logical inclusive OR

||

Flow control

Godot Shading language supports the most common types of flow control:

// `if` and `else`.
if (cond) {

} else {

}

// Ternary operator.
// This is an expression that behaves like `if`/`else` and returns the value.
// If `cond` evaluates to `true`, `result` will be `9`.
// Otherwise, `result` will be `5`.
int result = cond ? 9 : 5;

// `switch`.
switch (i) { // `i` should be a signed integer expression.
    case -1:
        break;
    case 0:
        return; // `break` or `return` to avoid running the next `case`.
    case 1: // Fallthrough (no `break` or `return`): will run the next `case`.
    case 2:
        break;
    //...
    default: // Only run if no `case` above matches. Optional.
        break;
}

// `for` loop. Best used when the number of elements to iterate on
// is known in advance.
for (int i = 0; i < 10; i++) {

}

// `while` loop. Best used when the number of elements to iterate on
// is not known in advance.
while (cond) {

}

// `do while`. Like `while`, but always runs at least once even if `cond`
// never evaluates to `true`.
do {

} while (cond);

Keep in mind that, in modern GPUs, an infinite loop can exist and can freeze your application (including editor). Godot can't protect you from this, so be careful not to make this mistake!

Also, when comparing floating-point values against a number, make sure to compare them against a range instead of an exact number.

A comparison like if (value == 0.3) may not evaluate to true. Floating-point math is often approximate and can defy expectations. It can also behave differently depending on the hardware.

Don't do this.

float value = 0.1 + 0.2;

// May not evaluate to `true`!
if (value == 0.3) {
    // ...
}

Instead, always perform a range comparison with an epsilon value. The larger the floating-point number (and the less precise the floating-point number, the larger the epsilon value should be.

const float EPSILON = 0.0001;
if (value >= 0.3 - EPSILON && value <= 0.3 + EPSILON) {
    // ...
}

See floating-point-gui.de for more information.

Warning

When exporting a GLES2 project to HTML5, WebGL 1.0 will be used. WebGL 1.0 doesn't support dynamic loops, so shaders using those won't work there.

Discarding

Fragment and light functions can use the discard keyword. If used, the fragment is discarded and nothing is written.

Functions

It is possible to define functions in a Godot shader. They use the following syntax:

ret_type func_name(args) {
    return ret_type; // if returning a value
}

// a more specific example:

int sum2(int a, int b) {
    return a + b;
}

You can only use functions that have been defined above (higher in the editor) the function from which you are calling them.

Function arguments can have special qualifiers:

  • in: Means the argument is only for reading (default).

  • out: Means the argument is only for writing.

  • inout: Means the argument is fully passed via reference.

  • const: Means the argument is a constant and cannot be changed, may be combined with in qualifier.

Example below:

void sum2(int a, int b, inout int result) {
    result = a + b;
}

Varyings

To send data from the vertex to the fragment processor function, varyings are used. They are set for every primitive vertex in the vertex processor, and the value is interpolated for every pixel in the fragment processor.

shader_type spatial;

varying vec3 some_color;
void vertex() {
    some_color = NORMAL; // Make the normal the color.
}

void fragment() {
    ALBEDO = some_color;
}

Varying can also be an array:

shader_type spatial;

varying float var_arr[3];
void vertex() {
    var_arr[0] = 1.0;
    var_arr[1] = 0.0;
}

void fragment() {
    ALBEDO = vec3(var_arr[0], var_arr[1], var_arr[2]); // red color
}

Interpolation qualifiers

Certain values are interpolated during the shading pipeline. You can modify how these interpolations are done by using interpolation qualifiers.

shader_type spatial;

varying flat vec3 our_color;

void vertex() {
    our_color = COLOR.rgb;
}

void fragment() {
    ALBEDO = our_color;
}

There are two possible interpolation qualifiers:

Qualifier

Description

flat

The value is not interpolated.

smooth

The value is interpolated in a perspective-correct fashion. This is the default.

Uniforms

Passing values to shaders is possible. These are global to the whole shader and are called uniforms. When a shader is later assigned to a material, the uniforms will appear as editable parameters in it. Uniforms can't be written from within the shader.

Note

Uniform arrays are not implemented yet.

shader_type spatial;

uniform float some_value;

You can set uniforms in the editor in the material. Or you can set them through GDScript:

material.set_shader_param("some_value", some_value)

Note

The first argument to set_shader_param is the name of the uniform in the shader. It must match exactly to the name of the uniform in the shader or else it will not be recognized.

Any GLSL type except for void can be a uniform. Additionally, Godot provides optional shader hints to make the compiler understand for what the uniform is used.

shader_type spatial;

uniform vec4 color : hint_color;
uniform float amount : hint_range(0, 1);
uniform vec4 other_color : hint_color = vec4(1.0);

It's important to understand that textures that are supplied as color require hints for proper sRGB->linear conversion (i.e. hint_albedo), as Godot's 3D engine renders in linear color space.

Full list of hints below:

Type

Hint

Description

vec4

hint_color

Used as color

int, float

hint_range(min, max[, step])

Used as range (with min/max/step)

sampler2D

hint_albedo

Used as albedo color, default white

sampler2D

hint_black_albedo

Used as albedo color, default black

sampler2D

hint_normal

Used as normalmap

sampler2D

hint_white

As value, default to white.

sampler2D

hint_black

As value, default to black

sampler2D

hint_aniso

As flowmap, default to right.

GDScript uses different variable types than GLSL does, so when passing variables from GDScript to shaders, Godot converts the type automatically. Below is a table of the corresponding types:

GDScript type

GLSL type

bool

bool

int

int

float

float

Vector2

vec2

Vector3

vec3

Color

vec4

Transform

mat4

Transform2D

mat4

Note

Be careful when setting shader uniforms from GDScript, no error will be thrown if the type does not match. Your shader will just exhibit undefined behavior.

Uniforms can also be assigned default values:

shader_type spatial;

uniform vec4 some_vector = vec4(0.0);
uniform vec4 some_color : hint_color = vec4(1.0);

Built-in functions

A large number of built-in functions are supported, conforming to GLSL ES 3.0. When vec_type (float), vec_int_type, vec_uint_type, vec_bool_type nomenclature is used, it can be scalar or vector.

Note

For a list of the functions that are not available in the GLES2 backend, please see the Differences between GLES2 and GLES3 doc.

Function

Description / Return value

vec_type radians (vec_type degrees)

Convert degrees to radians

vec_type degrees (vec_type radians)

Convert radians to degrees

vec_type sin (vec_type x)

Sine

vec_type cos (vec_type x)

Cosine

vec_type tan (vec_type x)

Tangent

vec_type asin (vec_type x)

Arcsine

vec_type acos (vec_type x)

Arccosine

vec_type atan (vec_type y_over_x)

Arctangent

vec_type atan (vec_type y, vec_type x)

Arctangent to convert vector to angle

vec_type sinh (vec_type x)

Hyperbolic sine

vec_type cosh (vec_type x)

Hyperbolic cosine

vec_type tanh (vec_type x)

Hyperbolic tangent

vec_type asinh (vec_type x)

Inverse hyperbolic sine

vec_type acosh (vec_type x)

Inverse hyperbolic cosine

vec_type atanh (vec_type x)

Inverse hyperbolic tangent

vec_type pow (vec_type x, vec_type y)

Power (undefined if x < 0 or if x = 0 and y <= 0)

vec_type exp (vec_type x)

Base-e exponential

vec_type exp2 (vec_type x)

Base-2 exponential

vec_type log (vec_type x)

Natural logarithm

vec_type log2 (vec_type x)

Base-2 logarithm

vec_type sqrt (vec_type x)

Square root

vec_type inversesqrt (vec_type x)

Inverse square root

vec_type abs (vec_type x)

Absolute value (returns positive value if negative)

ivec_type abs (ivec_type x)

Absolute value (returns positive value if negative)

vec_type sign (vec_type x)

Sign (returns 1.0 if positive, -1.0 if negative, 0.0 if zero)

ivec_type sign (ivec_type x)

Sign (returns 1 if positive, -1 if negative, 0 if zero)

vec_type floor (vec_type x)

Round to the integer below

vec_type round (vec_type x)

Round to the nearest integer

vec_type roundEven (vec_type x)

Round to the nearest even integer

vec_type trunc (vec_type x)

Truncation

vec_type ceil (vec_type x)

Round to the integer above

vec_type fract (vec_type x)

Fractional (returns x - floor(x))

vec_type mod (vec_type x, vec_type y)

Modulo (division remainder)

vec_type mod (vec_type x, float y)

Modulo (division remainder)

vec_type modf (vec_type x, out vec_type i)

Fractional of x, with i as integer part

vec_type min (vec_type a, vec_type b)

Lowest value between a and b

vec_type max (vec_type a, vec_type b)

Highest value between a and b

vec_type clamp (vec_type x, vec_type min, vec_type max)

Clamp x between min and max (inclusive)

float mix (float a, float b, float c)

Linear interpolate between a and b by c

vec_type mix (vec_type a, vec_type b, float c)

Linear interpolate between a and b by c (scalar coefficient)

vec_type mix (vec_type a, vec_type b, vec_type c)

Linear interpolate between a and b by c (vector coefficient)

vec_type mix (vec_type a, vec_type b, bvec_type c)

Linear interpolate between a and b by c (boolean-vector selection)

vec_type fma (vec_type a, vec_type b, vec_type c)

Performs a fused multiply-add operation: (a * b + c) (faster than doing it manually)

vec_type step (vec_type a, vec_type b)

b[i] < a[i] ? 0.0 : 1.0

vec_type step (float a, vec_type b)

b[i] < a ? 0.0 : 1.0

vec_type smoothstep (vec_type a, vec_type b, vec_type c)

Hermite interpolate between a and b by c

vec_type smoothstep (float a, float b, vec_type c)

Hermite interpolate between a and b by c

bvec_type isnan (vec_type x)

Returns true if scalar or vector component is NaN

bvec_type isinf (vec_type x)

Returns true if scalar or vector component is INF

ivec_type floatBitsToInt (vec_type x)

Float->Int bit copying, no conversion

uvec_type floatBitsToUint (vec_type x)

Float->UInt bit copying, no conversion

vec_type intBitsToFloat (ivec_type x)

Int->Float bit copying, no conversion

vec_type uintBitsToFloat (uvec_type x)

UInt->Float bit copying, no conversion

float length (vec_type x)

Vector length

float distance (vec_type a, vec_type b)

Distance between vectors i.e length(a - b)

float dot (vec_type a, vec_type b)

Dot product

vec3 cross (vec3 a, vec3 b)

Cross product

vec_type normalize (vec_type x)

Normalize to unit length

vec3 reflect (vec3 I, vec3 N)

Reflect

vec3 refract (vec3 I, vec3 N, float eta)

Refract

vec_type faceforward (vec_type N, vec_type I, vec_type Nref)

If dot(Nref, I) < 0, return N, otherwise –N

mat_type matrixCompMult (mat_type x, mat_type y)

Matrix component multiplication

mat_type outerProduct (vec_type column, vec_type row)

Matrix outer product

mat_type transpose (mat_type m)

Transpose matrix

float determinant (mat_type m)

Matrix determinant

mat_type inverse (mat_type m)

Inverse matrix

bvec_type lessThan (vec_type x, vec_type y)

Bool vector comparison on < int/uint/float vectors

bvec_type greaterThan (vec_type x, vec_type y)

Bool vector comparison on > int/uint/float vectors

bvec_type lessThanEqual (vec_type x, vec_type y)

Bool vector comparison on <= int/uint/float vectors

bvec_type greaterThanEqual (vec_type x, vec_type y)

Bool vector comparison on >= int/uint/float vectors

bvec_type equal (vec_type x, vec_type y)

Bool vector comparison on == int/uint/float vectors

bvec_type notEqual (vec_type x, vec_type y)

Bool vector comparison on != int/uint/float vectors

bool any (bvec_type x)

true if any component is true, false otherwise

bool all (bvec_type x)

true if all components are true, false otherwise

bvec_type not (bvec_type x)

Invert boolean vector

ivec2 textureSize (sampler2D_type s, int lod)

Get the size of a 2D texture

ivec3 textureSize (sampler2DArray_type s, int lod)

Get the size of a 2D texture array

ivec3 textureSize (sampler3D s, int lod)

Get the size of a 3D texture

ivec2 textureSize (samplerCube s, int lod)

Get the size of a cubemap texture

vec4_type texture (sampler2D_type s, vec2 uv [, float bias])

Perform a 2D texture read

vec4_type texture (sampler2DArray_type s, vec3 uv [, float bias])

Perform a 2D texture array read

vec4_type texture (sampler3D_type s, vec3 uv [, float bias])

Perform a 3D texture read

vec4 texture (samplerCube s, vec3 uv [, float bias])

Perform a cubemap texture read

vec4_type textureProj (sampler2D_type s, vec3 uv [, float bias])

Perform a 2D texture read with projection

vec4_type textureProj (sampler2D_type s, vec4 uv [, float bias])

Perform a 2D texture read with projection

vec4_type textureProj (sampler3D_type s, vec4 uv [, float bias])

Perform a 3D texture read with projection

vec4_type textureLod (sampler2D_type s, vec2 uv, float lod)

Perform a 2D texture read at custom mipmap

vec4_type textureLod (sampler2DArray_type s, vec3 uv, float lod)

Perform a 2D texture array read at custom mipmap

vec4_type textureLod (sampler3D_type s, vec3 uv, float lod)

Perform a 3D texture read at custom mipmap

vec4 textureLod (samplerCube s, vec3 uv, float lod)

Perform a 3D texture read at custom mipmap

vec4_type textureProjLod (sampler2D_type s, vec3 uv, float lod)

Perform a 2D texture read with projection/LOD

vec4_type textureProjLod (sampler2D_type s, vec4 uv, float lod)

Perform a 2D texture read with projection/LOD

vec4_type textureProjLod (sampler3D_type s, vec4 uv, float lod)

Perform a 3D texture read with projection/LOD

vec4_type texelFetch (sampler2D_type s, ivec2 uv, int lod)

Fetch a single texel using integer coordinates

vec4_type texelFetch (sampler2DArray_type s, ivec3 uv, int lod)

Fetch a single texel using integer coordinates

vec4_type texelFetch (sampler3D_type s, ivec3 uv, int lod)

Fetch a single texel using integer coordinates

vec_type dFdx (vec_type p)

Derivative in x using local differencing

vec_type dFdy (vec_type p)

Derivative in y using local differencing

vec_type fwidth (vec_type p)

Sum of absolute derivative in x and y