Binding to external libraries

Modules

The Summator example in Custom modules in C++ is great for small, custom modules, but what if you want to use a larger, external library? Let's look at an example using Festival, a speech synthesis (text-to-speech) library written in C++.

To bind to an external library, set up a module directory similar to the Summator example:

godot/modules/tts/

Next, you will create a header file with a TTS class:

/* tts.h */

#ifndef GODOT_TTS_H
#define GODOT_TTS_H

#include "core/object/ref_counted.h"

class TTS : public RefCounted {
    GDCLASS(TTS, RefCounted);

protected:
    static void _bind_methods();

public:
    bool say_text(String p_txt);

    TTS();
};

#endif // GODOT_TTS_H

And then you'll add the cpp file.

/* tts.cpp */

#include "tts.h"

#include <festival.h>

bool TTS::say_text(String p_txt) {

    //convert Godot String to Godot CharString to C string
    return festival_say_text(p_txt.ascii().get_data());
}

void TTS::_bind_methods() {

    ClassDB::bind_method(D_METHOD("say_text", "txt"), &TTS::say_text);
}

TTS::TTS() {
    festival_initialize(true, 210000); //not the best way to do it as this should only ever be called once.
}

Just as before, the new class needs to be registered somehow, so two more files need to be created:

register_types.h
register_types.cpp

Important

These files must be in the top-level folder of your module (next to your SCsub and config.py files) for the module to be registered properly.

These files should contain the following:

/* register_types.h */

void register_tts_types();
void unregister_tts_types();
/* yes, the word in the middle must be the same as the module folder name */
/* register_types.cpp */

#include "register_types.h"

#include "core/object/class_db.h"
#include "tts.h"

void register_tts_types() {
    ClassDB::register_class<TTS>();
}

void unregister_tts_types() {
    // Nothing to do here in this example.
}

Next, you need to create a SCsub file so the build system compiles this module:

# SCsub

Import('env')

env_tts = env.Clone()
env_tts.add_source_files(env.modules_sources, "*.cpp") # Add all cpp files to the build

You'll need to install the external library on your machine to get the .a library files. See the library's official documentation for specific instructions on how to do this for your operation system. We've included the installation commands for Linux below, for reference.

sudo apt-get install festival festival-dev <-- Installs festival and speech_tools libraries
apt-cache search festvox-* <-- Displays list of voice packages
sudo apt-get install festvox-don festvox-rablpc16k festvox-kallpc16k festvox-kdlpc16k <-- Installs voices

Important

The voices that Festival uses (and any other potential exter