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GPUParticles2D

Inherits: Node2D < CanvasItem < Node < Object

A 2D particle emitter.

Description

2D particle node used to create a variety of particle systems and effects. GPUParticles2D features an emitter that generates some number of particles at a given rate.

Use the process_material property to add a ParticleProcessMaterial to configure particle appearance and behavior. Alternatively, you can add a ShaderMaterial which will be applied to all particles.

2D particles can optionally collide with LightOccluder2D, but they don't collide with PhysicsBody2D nodes.

Tutorials

Properties

int

amount

8

float

amount_ratio

1.0

float

collision_base_size

1.0

DrawOrder

draw_order

1

bool

emitting

true

float

explosiveness

0.0

int

fixed_fps

30

bool

fract_delta

true

float

interp_to_end

0.0

bool

interpolate

true

float

lifetime

1.0

bool

local_coords

false

bool

one_shot

false

float

preprocess

0.0

Material

process_material

float

randomness

0.0

float

speed_scale

1.0

NodePath

sub_emitter

NodePath("")

Texture2D

texture

bool

trail_enabled

false

float

trail_lifetime

0.3

int

trail_section_subdivisions

4

int

trail_sections

8

Rect2

visibility_rect

Rect2(-100, -100, 200, 200)

Methods

Rect2

capture_rect ( ) const

void

convert_from_particles ( Node particles )

void

emit_particle ( Transform2D xform, Vector2 velocity, Color color, Color custom, int flags )

void

restart ( )


Signals

finished ( )

Emitted when all active particles have finished processing. When one_shot is disabled, particles will process continuously, so this is never emitted.

Note: Due to the particles being computed on the GPU there might be a delay before the signal gets emitted.


Enumerations

enum DrawOrder:

DrawOrder DRAW_ORDER_INDEX = 0

Particles are drawn in the order emitted.

DrawOrder DRAW_ORDER_LIFETIME = 1

Particles are drawn in order of remaining lifetime. In other words, the particle with the highest lifetime is drawn at the front.

DrawOrder DRAW_ORDER_REVERSE_LIFETIME = 2

Particles are drawn in reverse order of remaining lifetime. In other words, the particle with the lowest lifetime is drawn at the front.


enum EmitFlags:

EmitFlags EMIT_FLAG_POSITION = 1

Particle starts at the specified position.

EmitFlags EMIT_FLAG_ROTATION_SCALE = 2

Particle starts with specified rotation and scale.

EmitFlags EMIT_FLAG_VELOCITY = 4

Particle starts with the specified velocity vector, which defines the emission direction and speed.

EmitFlags EMIT_FLAG_COLOR = 8

Particle starts with specified color.

EmitFlags EMIT_FLAG_CUSTOM = 16

Particle starts with specified CUSTOM data.


Property Descriptions

int amount = 8

  • void set_amount ( int value )

  • int get_amount ( )

The number of particles to emit in one emission cycle. The effective emission rate is (amount * amount_ratio) / lifetime particles per second. Higher values will increase GPU requirements, even if not all particles are visible at a given time or if amount_ratio is decreased.

Note: Changing this value will cause the particle system to restart. To avoid this, change amount_ratio instead.


float amount_ratio = 1.0

  • void set_amount_ratio ( float value )

  • float get_amount_ratio ( )

The ratio of particles that should actually be emitted. If set to a value lower than 1.0, this will set the amount of emitted particles throughout the lifetime to amount * amount_ratio. Unlike changing amount, changing amount_ratio while emitting does not affect already-emitted particles and doesn't cause the particle system to restart. amount_ratio can be used to create effects that make the number of emitted particles vary over time.

Note: Reducing the amount_ratio has no performance benefit, since resources need to be allocated and processed for the total amount of particles regardless of the amount_ratio. If you don't intend to change the number of particles emitted while the particles are emitting, make sure amount_ratio is set to 1 and change amount to your liking instead.


float collision_base_size = 1.0

  • void set_collision_base_size ( float value )

  • float get_collision_base_size ( )

Multiplier for particle's collision radius. 1.0 corresponds to the size of the sprite. If particles appear to sink into the ground when colliding, increase this value. If particles appear to float when colliding, decrease this value. Only effective if ParticleProcessMaterial.collision_mode is ParticleProcessMaterial.COLLISION_RIGID or ParticleProcessMaterial.COLLISION_HIDE_ON_CONTACT.

Note: Particles always have a spherical collision shape.


DrawOrder draw_order = 1

Particle draw order. Uses DrawOrder values.


bool emitting = true

  • void set_emitting ( bool value )

  • bool is_emitting ( )

If true, particles are being emitted. emitting can be used to start and stop particles from emitting. However, if one_shot is true setting emitting to true will not restart the emission cycle until after all active particles finish processing. You can use the finished signal to be notified once all active particles finish processing.


float explosiveness = 0.0

  • void set_explosiveness_ratio ( float value )

  • float get_explosiveness_ratio ( )

How rapidly particles in an emission cycle are emitted. If greater than 0, there will be a gap in emissions before the next cycle begins.


int fixed_fps = 30

  • void set_fixed_fps ( int value )

  • int get_fixed_fps ( )

The particle system's frame rate is fixed to a value. For example, changing the value to 2 will make the particles render at 2 frames per second. Note this does not slow down the simulation of the particle system itself.


bool fract_delta = true

  • void set_fractional_delta ( bool value )

  • bool get_fractional_delta ( )

If true, results in fractional delta calculation which has a smoother particles display effect.


float interp_to_end = 0.0

  • void set_interp_to_end ( float value )

  • float get_interp_to_end ( )

Causes all the particles in this node to interpolate towards the end of their lifetime.

Note: This only works when used with a ParticleProcessMaterial. It needs to be manually implemented for custom process shaders.


bool interpolate = true

  • void set_interpolate ( bool value )

  • bool get_interpolate ( )

Enables particle interpolation, which makes the particle movement smoother when their fixed_fps is lower than the screen refresh rate.


float lifetime = 1.0

  • void set_lifetime ( float value )

  • float get_lifetime ( )

The amount of time each particle will exist (in seconds). The effective emission rate is (amount * amount_ratio) / lifetime particles per second.


bool local_coords = false

  • void set_use_local_coordinates ( bool value )

  • bool get_use_local_coordinates ( )

If true, particles use the parent node's coordinate space (known as local coordinates). This will cause particles to move and rotate along the GPUParticles2D node (and its parents) when it is moved or rotated. If false, particles use global coordinates; they will not move or rotate along the GPUParticles2D node (and its parents) when it is moved or rotated.


bool one_shot = false

  • void set_one_shot ( bo