Attention: Here be dragons

This is the latest (unstable) version of this documentation, which may document features not available in or compatible with released stable versions of Godot.

VoxelGI

Inherits: VisualInstance3D < Node3D < Node < Object

Real-time global illumination (GI) probe.

Description

VoxelGIs are used to provide high-quality real-time indirect light and reflections to scenes. They precompute the effect of objects that emit light and the effect of static geometry to simulate the behavior of complex light in real-time. VoxelGIs need to be baked before having a visible effect. However, once baked, dynamic objects will receive light from them. Furthermore, lights can be fully dynamic or baked.

Note: VoxelGI is only supported in the Forward+ rendering method, not Mobile or Compatibility.

Procedural generation: VoxelGI can be baked in an exported project, which makes it suitable for procedurally generated or user-built levels as long as all the geometry is generated in advance. For games where geometry is generated at any time during gameplay, SDFGI is more suitable (see Environment.sdfgi_enabled).

Performance: VoxelGI is relatively demanding on the GPU and is not suited to low-end hardware such as integrated graphics (consider LightmapGI instead). To improve performance, adjust ProjectSettings.rendering/global_illumination/voxel_gi/quality and enable ProjectSettings.rendering/global_illumination/gi/use_half_resolution in the Project Settings. To provide a fallback for low-end hardware, consider adding an option to disable VoxelGI in your project's options menus. A VoxelGI node can be disabled by hiding it.

Note: Meshes should have sufficiently thick walls to avoid light leaks (avoid one-sided walls). For interior levels, enclose your level geometry in a sufficiently large box and bridge the loops to close the mesh. To further prevent light leaks, you can also strategically place temporary MeshInstance3D nodes with their GeometryInstance3D.gi_mode set to GeometryInstance3D.GI_MODE_STATIC. These temporary nodes can then be hidden after baking the VoxelGI node.

Tutorials

Properties

CameraAttributes

camera_attributes

VoxelGIData

data

Vector3

size

Vector3(20, 20, 20)

Subdiv

subdiv

1

Methods

void

bake ( Node from_node=null, bool create_visual_debug=false )

void

debug_bake ( )


Enumerations

enum Subdiv:

Subdiv SUBDIV_64 = 0

Use 64 subdivisions. This is the lowest quality setting, but the fastest. Use it if you can, but especially use it on lower-end hardware.

Subdiv SUBDIV_128 = 1

Use 128 subdivisions. This is the default quality setting.

Subdiv SUBDIV_256 = 2

Use 256 subdivisions.

Subdiv SUBDIV_512 = 3

Use 512 subdivisions. This is the highest quality setting, but the slowest. On lower-end hardware, this could cause the GPU to stall.

Subdiv SUBDIV_MAX = 4

Represents the size of the Subdiv enum.


Property Descriptions

CameraAttributes camera_attributes

The CameraAttributes resource that specifies exposure levels to bake at. Auto-exposure and non exposure properties will be ignored. Exposure settings should be used to reduce the dynamic range present when baking. If exposure is too high, the VoxelGI will have banding artifacts or may have over-exposure artifacts.


VoxelGIData data

The VoxelGIData resource that holds the data for this VoxelGI.


Vector3 size = Vector3(20, 20, 20)

The size of the area covered by the VoxelGI. If you make the size larger without increasing the subdivisions with subdiv, the size of each cell will increase and result in lower detailed lighting.

Note: Size is clamped to 1.0 unit or more on each axis.


Subdiv subdiv = 1

Number of times to subdivide the grid that the VoxelGI operates on. A higher number results in finer detail and thus higher visual quality, while lower numbers result in better performance.


Method Descriptions

void bake ( Node from_node=null, bool create_visual_debug=false )

Bakes the effect from all GeometryInstance3Ds marked with GeometryInstance3D.GI_MODE_STATIC